International Forum on Cross-border Education (2016), organized by China Academic Degrees and Graduate Education Development Center (CDGDC) and Chinese Society of Academic Degrees and Graduate Education, was held successfully in Haikou of Hainan Province, P. R. China. The forum is co-organized by Hainan University, and sponsored by Chinese National Commission for UNESCO, Department of International Cooperation and Exchanges, Ministry of Education, China, and the Education Department of Hainan Province.
Present at the forum were international participants from nearly 20 countries and regions, such as the US, the UK, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Ireland, Romania, Thailand, Malaysia, Kazakhstan, Australia, New Zealand, Mongolia, and Hong Kong, as well as participants from 5 international organizations, including International Network For Quality Assurance Agencies In Higher (INQAAHE), Asia-Pacific Quality Network (APQN), the ENICs, ASEAN University Network (AUN) and Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO). Also, there were well over 400 Chinese participants, including staff from China’s Cross-border education management organizations, quality assurance, evaluation and recognition administrators from nearly 200 universities in China, university staff in charge of graduate development and international cooperation, experts and scholars.
20日上午举行的开幕式由中国学位与研究生教育学会副会长、中国科技大学原副校长张淑林主持。海南省教育厅厅长曹献坤，海南大学副校长刁晓平，国际高等教育质量保障组织主席Susanna Karakhanyan，亚太地区教育质量保障组织主席张建新，欧洲国家信息中心联盟副主席、意大利国家信息中心主任Luca Lantero，中国联合国教科文组织全国委员会秘书长杜越等分别致辞。
The Opening Ceremony on 21st morning was moderated by Zhang Shulin, Vice-President of Chinese Society of Academic Degrees and Graduate Education, former Vice-President of University of Science and Technology of China. Six speakers, including Cao Xiankun, Director-General of the Education Department of Hainan Province, Diao Xiaoping, Vice-President of Hainan University, Susanna Karakhanyan, President of INQAAHE, Zhang Jianxin, President of APQN, Luca Lantero, Vice-President of the ENIC Bureau, Director of CIMEA, and Du Yue, Secretary-General of Chinese National Commission for UNESCO, delivered opening remarks.
Cao Xiankun, Director-General of the Education Department of Hainan Province
Diao Xiaoping, Vice-President of Hainan University
Susanna Karakhanyan, President of INQAAHE
Zhang Jianxin, President of APQN
Luca Lantero, Vice-President of the ENIC Bureau, Director of CIMEA
Du Yue, Secretary-General of Chinese National Commission for UNESCO
On behalf of the organizers, Zhang Shulin, the moderator, said that this is an academic gathering of historic significance and relevance. The forum, with the theme of “Cross-border Education Quality Assurance in the Context of Globalization”, serves as an exchange platform for work in Asia-Europe qualification recognition, credit transfer and learning outcome recognition under the ASEMME framework, as well as work in development and implementation of national qualification frameworks. Eventually, the forum aims to facilitate international recognition of qualification, credit and learning outcome, and to guarantee and improve the quality of cross-border education.
Zhang Shulin, Vice-President of Chinese Society of Academic Degrees and Graduate Education
The speakers congratulated the organizers on the successful opening of the forum, and expressed their high expectations for the forum, where they will dwell upon core issues such as cross-border education quality assurance, qualification framework, qualification recognition, credit transfer and learning outcome recognition, etc.
Mr. Wang Lisheng, Director-General of CDGDC, delivered the keynote speech, “Enhancing Mutual Trust for Win-win Results”. In his speech, Mr. Wang pointed out that regional and international cooperation in higher education is playing a strategic role of increasing significance. Development of cross-border education, and establishment of more open, cooperative higher education systems are crucial tasks that will improve education quality globally, accelerate economic and social development, and help form an interdependent community for higher education stakeholders.
Wang Lisheng, Director-General of CDGDC, delivering keynote speech
In the keynote speech, Wang Lisheng introduced the ASEM Working Group on Recognition Bridging Declaration, and the ASEM Working Group on Interregional Credit Transfer Mechanisms and Learning Outcome Systems, two working groups CDGDC took the initiative to set up within the ASEMME framework. He then elaborated on the progress, from the drafting of Beijing Declaration, which aims at promoting Asia-Europe higher education qualification recognition through enhancing mutual understanding and trust, to the implementation of ASEMME initiatives. In particular, he mentioned three action plans CDGDC has been conducting since 2012, namely, taking the lead in setting up the Asian National Information Centers Coordinating Website (ANICCW), establishing the Cross-border Quality Assurance Network (CBQAN), and developing the “Handbook of Guidelines, Principles and Good Practices on Recognition among ASEM NIC-NARICs”. The effective work CDGDC has done is spoken highly of by its international colleagues.
Towards the end of his speech, Wang Lisheng emphasized that the development of China’s national qualification framework is of crucial importance in that it is an institutional innovation in nature, an important component of the modernization of our education governance system and education governance competency, a top-design for China’s education reform and development, and a necessary step on our way to a life-long learning society and a country with strong human resource. At the same time, it will speed up China’s international cooperation and exchanges in education, and thus increase China’s international influence. Now that the development of China’s national qualification framework has been written into China’s 13th Five-year Plan, CDGDC will integrate its resources, overcome all difficulties to conduct researches, and to learn from the best practices of other countries in NQF development. CDGDC endeavors to serve as a think tank and explore feasible strategies for the development of China’s national qualification framework.
In the afternoon of the 20th, three parallel forums were held at the same time: “Cross-border Higher Education Quality Assurance & CBQAN Inaugural General Assembly”, “Qualification Framework and Qualification Recognition”, and “Credit Transfer and Learning Outcome Recognition”.
“跨境高等教育质量保障论坛”专题报告部分由学位中心评估处处长林梦泉主持。学位中心主任王立生发表致辞。教育部国际合作与交流司涉外监管和办学处处长闫炳辰发表了“跨境教育质量保障的几点思考”专题报告，国际高等教育质量保障组织主席Susanna Karakhanyan作了题为“跨境高等教育与质量保障：趋势和挑战”的专题报告，英国高等教育质量保障署国际事务副主任Fabrizio Trifiro作了题为“基于跨国教育质量保障更广阔国际背景下，英国高等教育质量保障署在保障中英合作办学质量方面的概述”的专题报告，马来西亚资历评审局政策与技能发展处处长Soo Sit Chuan作了题为“AQAF背景下的跨境高等教育质量保障框架”的专题报告，中国教育国际交流协会涉外办学质量保障部副主任何培作了题为“跨境教育联合质量保障的探索——‘高质量中法合作办学机构’认可项目”的专题报告。
Reports Session of Parallel Forum 1 was moderated by Lin Mengquan, Director of Evaluation Department, CDGDC. In this parallel forum, Wang Lisheng, Director-General of CDGDC addressed the audience. Insightful feature reports were made, including:
“Observations on Cross-border Education Quality Assurance” by Yan Bingchen, Director of Department of International Cooperation and Exchanges, Ministry of Education, China.
“Cross-border Higher Education and Quality Assurance: Trends and Challenges” by Susanna Karakhanyan, President of INQAAHE;
“An Overview of QAA Cooperation in Ensuring the Quality of China-UK TNE in the Context of Broader International Developments in Strengthening Cooperation in the QA of TNE” by Fabrizio Trifiro, Deputy Head International of The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA);
“Quality Assurance Framework for Cross-border Higher Education in the Context of ASEAN Quality Assurance Framework (AQAF)” by Soo Sit Chuan, Senior Director of Policy and Expertise Development Sector, Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA);
“Exploration of Joint Quality Assurance in Cross-border Education” by He Pei, Deputy Director, Department of Quality Assurance in Cross-border Education, China Education Association for International Exchange (CEAIE).
Parallel Forum: Cross-border Higher Education Quality Assurance
Yan Bingchen, Director of Department of International Cooperation and Exchanges, Ministry of Education, China
“跨境高等教育质量保障论坛”专题讨论部分由亚太地区教育质量保障组织主席张建新主持。中国教育部学位与研究生教育发展中心主任王立生、中国教育部国际合作与交流司涉外监管和办学处处长闫炳辰、爱尔兰质量及资历评审机构质量保障处处长Bryan Maguire、德国学术交流中心项目官员Dennis Binder、香港学术及资历评审局执行副主任Sandra Wong等围绕“亚洲如何更好地促进全球跨境高等教育”展开较为深入的讨论与互动。
Panel-Discussion Session of Parallel Forum 1 was moderated by Zhang Jianxin, President of APQN. Wang Lisheng (Director-General, CDGDC), Yan Bingchen (Director of Department of International Cooperation and Exchanges , Ministry of Education, China), Bryan Maguire (Director of Quality Assurance, Quality and Qualifications Ireland), Dennis Binder (Programme Officer of German Academic Exchange Service), and Sandra Wong (Deputy Executive Director of Hong Kong Council for Accreditation of Academic and Vocational Qualifications), engaged in an in-depth discussion about “what Asia can do to better facilitate global cross-border higher education”.
“资历框架与资历认可论坛”由中国学位与研究生教育学会国际合作与交流部副主任委员、云南农业大学副校长唐滢主持。清华大学教育研究院副教授文雯作了题为“中国高等教育国际化和跨境资历互认”的专题报告，香港资历架构秘书处总经理彭炳鸿作了题为“资历架构——促进资历跨境流动”的专题报告，欧洲国家信息中心联盟副主席、意大利国家信息中心主任Luca Lantero作了题为“资历层级在资历评估中的运用”的专题报告，拉脱维亚学术认可信息中心主任Baiba Ramina作了题为“欧洲资历认可的发展”的专题报告，东南亚教育部长组织高等教育区域发展与研究中心高级项目主管Phunyanuch Pattanotai作了题为“东南亚资历框架与认可发展”的专题报告，美国全国学生信息中心总裁兼首席执行官Ricardo D. Torres作了题为“美国认可境外资历的实践”的专题报告，挪威教育质量保障局国外教育处副处长Rolf Lofstad作了题为“欧洲地区认可发展及趋势”的专题报告。南非高等教育与培训部国家资历框架处处长Shirley Lloyd因故没能到会，但专程寄来了题为“国家资历框架的重要性：与国际接轨”的专题报告视频。
Parallel Forum 2, “Qualification Framework and Qualification Recognition”, was led by Tang Ying, member of Department of International Cooperation and Exchanges, Chinese Society of Academic Degrees and Graduate Education, Vice-President of Yunnan Agricultural University. The following thought-provoking feature reports were made:
“Internationalization of Chinese Higher Education and Cross-border Educational Qualification Recognition” by Wen Wen, Associate Professor of Tsinghua University, China;
“Qualifications Framework: Making Qualifications Across Border” by Pang Bing Hung, General Manager of Qualifications Framework Secretariat, Hong Kong SAR;
“The Level of Qualifications as One of the Elements of Credential Evaluation” by Luca Lantero, Vice-President of the ENIC Bureau, Director of CIMEA (the Italian ENIC-NARIC Centre);
“Development of Recognition of Qualification in Europe” by Baiba Ramina, Director of Academic Information Center, Latvia;
“Qualifications Framework and Recognition Development in Southeast Asia” by Phunyanuch Pattanotai, Senior Programme Officer of SEAMEO RIHED;
“International Credential Comparability with the US in the Absence of Central Ministry or Authority” by Ricardo D. Torres, President and CEO of National Student Clearinghouse, USA;
and “Recognition – Development and Trends in the European Region” by Rolf Lofstad, Deputy Director of Foreign Education, Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Education.
Though Shirley Lloyd, Director of NQF Directorate, Department of Higher Education and Training, South Africa, was not able to participate in the forum personally due to other causes, sent the organizers a video in which she made a feature report, “How National Qualifications Frameworks Matter: Locating Qualifications Frameworks in the Global Arena”.
Parallel Forum: Qualification Framework and Qualification Recognition
“学分转换与学习成果认可”论坛由学位中心副主任任增林主持，东盟大学联盟执行主任Nantana Gajaseni作了题为“东盟大学联盟学分转换体系：促进东盟内部及国际学生流动”的专题报告，立陶宛维尔纽斯大学国际项目与关系处处长Raimonda Markeviciene作了题为“泛欧洲地区学分体系与学分转换机制”的专题报告，世界教育服务中心执行董事兼首席执行官Mariam Assefa作了题为“资历认可：促进学术及职业流动”的专题报告，新西兰资历评审局国际事务与政策处处长Karen Chalmers作了题为“学分转换与先前学习认可：以新西兰学分转换与认可体系为例”的专题报告，考文垂大学东亚合作战略处主管Zhi Qiu Finlay作了题为“学分转换，信任及国际标准：促进流动”的专题报告，北京大学教务部交流合作办公室主任蒋晓涛作了题为“本科教育改革中的学分转换——北京大学的思考与实践”的专题报告，山东大学研究生院副院长刘国亮教授作了题为“山东大学研究生教育国际化过程中的学分互认实践”的专题报告，学位中心认证处副处长乔文君作了题为“让互联网助力资历认可和学生跨境流动”的专题报告。
Parallel Forum 3, “Credit Transfer and Learning Outcome Recognition”, was hosted by Ren Zenglin, Deputy Director-General of CDGDC. The audience listened to eight inspiring feature reports, including:
“The Journey of AUN-ASEAN Credit Transfer System (AUN-ACTS) for Intra- and Inter- Student Mobility in ASEAN” by Nantana Gajaseni, Executive Director of ASEAN University Network;
“Pan-European Credit System and Its Approaches to Credit Transfer” by Raimonda Markeviciene, Head of International Relations Office, Vilnius University, Lithuania;
“Credential Recognition Facilitates Academic and Professional Mobility” by Mariam Assefa, Executive Director and CEO of World Education Services (WES), USA;
“Credit Recognition Transfer and Recognition of Prior Learning–Practices in New Zealand Credit Recognition and Transfer (CRT)” by Karen Chalmers, Director International of New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA);
“Credit Transfers, Trust and International Standards – ‘Going Mobile’” by Zhi Qiu Finlay, Head of East Asia Strategic Partnerships, Coventry University, UK;
“Credit Transfer in Undergraduate Education Reform: Observations and Practices of Peking University” by Jiang Xiaotao, Head of Overseas Exchanges, Office of Educational Administration, Peking University, China;
“Credit Recognition during Graduate Education Globalization: Practices of Shandong University” by Liu Guoliang, Deputy Dean of Graduate School, Shandong University;
and “Making Full Use of Internet Technologies in Qualification Recognition and International Student Mobility” by Qiao Wenjun, Vice Director of Verification Department, CDGDC.
Parallel Forum: Credit Transfer and Learning Outcome Recognition
Cross-border education, as the most important part of higher education internationalization, has become a shared focus for education practitioners world-wide. At the same time, it is a dynamic component of higher education that has great potential. In the new era, we are bestowed with unprecedented opportunities in quality assurance of student exchanges and jointly-run education programs; however, challenges must be tackled if we are to improve the quality of cross-border education. Thus, this international forum is a relevant one since it highlights new concepts such as “qualification framework”, “credit transfer”, and “learning outcome”. The forum will hugely contribute to international cooperation and exchanges in education, internationalization of education in China, and in particular, it will help lay a solid foundation for the development and implementation of China’s national qualification framework, as mentioned in the 13th Five-year Plan.
Participants of the forum witnessed the establishment of Cross-border Quality Assurance Network (CBQAN), a CDGDC-initiated organization consists of 15 quality assurance and qualification recognition institutions from 12 countries and regions. Later, during the CBQAN Inaugural General Assembly, representatives from 8 countries discussed and passed the CBQAN Chapter and the Inaugural General Assembly Consensus. CBQAN is yet another international, non-governmental, and multilateral platform for cooperation and exchanges after INQAAHE and APQN. The purpose of this China-initiated organization facilitated by the ASEM Working Group on Recognition Bridging Declaration within the ASEM framework is to enhance quality assurance of Asia-Europe cross-border education. Susanna Karakhanyan, President of INQAAHE and Zhang Jianxin, President of APQN, were there to witness the birth of CBQAN. They expressed their warmest congratulations, and their sincere wishes for closer cooperation among multilateral international organizations, for better quality of higher education world-wide, and for the sound development of cross-border education.
Participants at the Inaugural General Assembly of Cross-border Quality Assurance Network (CBQAN)
President of INQAAHE, President of APQN and CBQAN members
（供稿：曹红波 王顶明 陈泳均 翻译：汤敏）